Farming is a simple skill that confuses a lot of people when they are first starting out. This guide should clear up some of the confusion and get you on your way to utilizing one of the most useful and profitable skills in the game. Like a few other skills, Thieving is basically required for the most efficient material gathering methods.
Unlike in real life, Farming in /v/scape requires a player to utilize arbitrarily placed Farming Patches around the world which only arbitrarily grow certain types of crops - players cannot create their own Patches or grow their own crops anywhere.
It goes without saying that anyone looking to seriously level up Herblore will need to level Farming, so look no further if that's what you're here for.
Aside from seeds which vary depending on your level, there are a few tools you should collect before starting to farm. Although you may only need one of each item, it is suggested that you have multiple in your bank so as to access them quickly. Please note that you may keep some of these items inside the Tool Leprechaun for use at every farming patch. It helps to have medium to high Magic levels for teleports, and access to all means of transportation too. You can simply run around the world if you don't mind less farming efficiency but this is highly unrecommended.
An important concept is that certain plants will protect other plants. For example, vegetables (i.e. potatoes, onions, etc) are protected by flowers (i.e. marigolds, rosemary, etc). Which flower protects which vegetable differs depending on the vegetable. You must wait for your flowers to finish growing before planting your crops, otherwise their protection won't work. Click the Farming skill icon ingame in the F2 tab for specifics.
Most of these items can be purchased from a Farming store or individual farmers who look after your patches. Farming stores are located west of Port Phasmatys, in Catherby, between Falador and Draynor Village, and north of Ardougne.
|Rake||Used for weeding your patches to allow for planting seeds, all patches start out like this.|
|Seed dibber||Used for planting seeds.|
|Secateurs||Can be used to cut off diseased leaves on trees and bushes.|
|Watering can||Used to water your plants.|
|Spade||Required to harvest plants, can also be used to dig up|
|Amulet of Nature||Provides a +5% crop yield increase on any patch when worn. Can also be Right-Click —> Used on a patch to bind the amulet to it where it will automatically notify you if the crop has fully grown, become diseased, or died.|
|Plantpot||Used to begin growing a tree from a seed to a sapling.|
|Gardening trowel||Used to transfer a plantpot seedling into a tree or fruit tree patch.|
|Empty sack||Used to carry up to 10 vegetables each.|
|Basket||Used to carry up to 5 fruits each.|
Seeds are the most important part of Farming, if you didn't know that already. The basic process of planting a seed is this:
- Weed an allotment using your rake with the patch. Save the weeds for compost or just drop them.
- Plant a flower that protects your seed, hire a gardener, place a scarecrow (for sweetcorn) or stand around and watch. Wait until your flower is grown before continuing. Don't worry, fully grown healthy crops will never die or get diseased.
- Use compost on your empty garden patch. Always use super-compost once you can make it self-sufficiently.
- Use your seed on the patch and then water it with a watering can.
When planting trees, there are a few extra steps. Trees cannot be planted directly into the ground, you must plant them in a plant pot of soil (within your inventory) and water them until they grown into a sapling, and then transplant them to a tree patch. A plant pot can be filled with soil by using a gardening trowel on any farming patch. Trees and herbs do not need watering.
There are three ways to avoid disease:
- Stand around and water plants when required.
- Plant flowers/scarecrows
- Hire the services of a local gardener.
No matter which method you use, you should always use compost or super-compost. The best way tends to be to plant flowers or to use a scarecrow. Normally, if you do not use a flower/scarecrow, your plants will require multiple waterings, meaning you will have to stand around and watch. However, by using a flower/scarecrow your plants only need one watering. The flower must not be picked for this method to work.
- Marigold: Protects potatoes, onions and tomatoes.
- Rosemary: Protects cabbages.
- Nasturtiums: Protects watermelons.
- Scarecrow: Protects sweetcorn.
Another viable method is to hire a gardener. They tend to wander around the allotments, and require you to give them compost, sacks or baskets of produce to hire them. Although sometimes expensive, any crops protected by a gardener are guaranteed to survive. See the Seed charts further down in the guide for what exactly you must pay to gardeners to protect specific crops.
If a plant becomes diseased, it is possible to cure it by purchasing a plant cure from a gardener or farming store. If a tree or fruit tree becomes diseased, instead you must use Secateurs to trim the diseased leaves and cure it.
Compost is very important in Farming. It helps ensure plants reach adulthood. You can purchase compost from farming stores, but it is fairly expensive. Making your own is easy and is recommended.
- Whilst at a farming patch, take all the weeds you have raked up and use them with the nearby compost bin. You can use low level plants such as potatoes and onions to add bulk.
- Once the compost bin is full, shut the lid and let it rot.
- Once the compost is rotten in 45-70 minutes (needs testing), open the lid and fill buckets with compost. Filling one bucket with compost will grant 10.125 Farming experience. Using compost on a patch grants 40.5 Farming experience.
Super-compost is much better than regular compost as it:
- Lowers the time it takes for plants to grow.
- Increases crop yield.
- Reduces the chance of your plants becoming diseased.
- Gives better exp to put on soil and also to take from the compost bin. (~40 and ~19 each, respectively)
However, to make super-compost requires fifteen of any mixture of the following items. Note, it must only be these items, anything places in the bin that is not the following will cause the compost bin to only yield regular compost:
- Any tree roots
- Pineapples, papayas and coconuts
- Any herb above Avantoe.
- Jangerberries, whiteberries and poison ivy berries
- Bittercap mushrooms
You will receive fifteen buckets of super-compost once it has fully rotted.
There are multiple ways of farming super-compost:
- Go to Southern Brimhaven, near Brimhaven Dungeon.
- Pick all of the Pineapple plants that are around this area until your inventory is full.
- Now go to Ardougne and bank the Pineapples.
- Repeat step 1-3 until you got the amount of Pineapples you want to have.
- Go to the Grand Tree which is located in the Tree Gnome Stronghold.
- Go to the second level of the Grand Tree and see Heckle Funch, who sells Pineapples. He's near a bank as well, but his stock probably isn't as much as picking them yourself.
- Repeat step 2 until you got the amount of Pineapples you want to have.
- Place Nasturtium in all of your Flower patches
- Once you reach level 47 you can grow Watermelons. Grow a lot of them if you have the seeds. They don't have much use aside from supercompost and exp, so this is the best method.
Scarecrows are used to protect Sweetcorn from birds. You need to have Level 23 Farming to construct one. You can remove a scarecrow by using a Spade on it. This will not destroy it, allowing you to use it on another patch.
- Use an empty sack on a bale of hay
- Use the sack of hay on any spear except Dragon
- Place a watermelon on it
- Stand him in a patch.
SeedsSeeds are what you plant whilst farming, duh. The best method for getting most seeds is at the Master Farmer in Draynor with 38 Thieving so your best bet for fast Farming levels is to train that up a bit. Also if you have one, a Regen Brace will slightly mitigate the need for food.
While thieving, you may only want to keep the better seeds from the farmer in your inventory while filling the rest with junk/food so you don't get overloaded with more potatoes than the tard HQ from your highschool, and you still get the full pickpocket exp. Example inventory pictured below. Foods like Wine or Curry allow you to heal without freeing up an inventory space if you can access them, otherwise fill the rest of your inventory with junk and go to the bank to heal when necessary instead. The picture is only a guideline, you may add or omit a few things depending on your needs.
Other methods for getting seeds are as follows:
- Killing certain monsters (Moss Giants are an example, they uncommonly drop Watermelon seeds)
- Stealing from Seed stalls in Draynor Village (Requires Level 27 Thieving - same possible yields as the Master Farmer except the stalls require time to respawn and yield less Thieving experience per success making this less recommended if your Thieving level is higher)
- Found within a Bird nest from Woodcutting (Random event, yields seeds not found via thieving)
- Purchase low-leveled ones from Olivia's Store in Draynor Village's Market.
For most seeds there will be a nearby farmer who will cure your plants as they get diseased so you don't have to. They will ask for a payment of other crops or farming items to do so.
(Note: The asterisks refer specifically to Olivia's shop in Draynor Village's market)
Fruit Tree Seeds
Herb Seeds (Herbs cannot be protected)
Location (Closest Teleport)
Flowers + Herbs + Allotments + Compost Bin
- North of Ardougne (Ardougne teleport, Skills Necklace, Combat Bracelet)
- West of Port Phasmastys (Ectophial, or Kharyll teleport after Desert Treasure's completion)
- North of Catherby (Camelot teleport)
- South of Falador (Falador teleport, Amulet of Glory)
- North of Coal Trucks (Camelot teleport)
- Northern Lumbridge (Lumbridge teleport)
- North in Yanille (Watchtower teleport)
- Southwest on Entrana (Falador teleport, Games Necklace & boat to Port Sarim) - requires no stat-increasing gear equipped or in the inventory to access
- Varrock Castle (Varrock teleport)
- West of Lumbridge (Lumbridge teleport)
- Falador Garden (Falador teleport)
- Eastern Taverley (Falador teleport)
- Brimhaven (West Patch) (Ardougne teleport & boat to Karamja)
- West of Gnome Maze (Ring of Dueling, Spirit tree)
- Gnome Stronghold (Gnome glider, Spirit tree)
- South of White Wolf Mountain/East of Catherby (Camelot teleport)
- West of Champion's Guild (Canoes, Varrock teleport, Combat Bracelet)
- Rimmington (Skills Necklace, Amulet of Glory)
- South of Ardougne (Ardougne teleport)
- Etceteria (West Patch) (Camelot teleport) - requires Fremennik Trials' completion to access
- Mushrooms west of Canifis (Varrock teleport)
- Cacti northeastern Al Kharid (Ring of Dueling)
- Belladonna at Draynor Manor (Amulet of Glory)
- Calquat Tree at Tai Bwo Wannai (Ardougne teleport & boat to Karamja)
- Brimhaven (East Patch) (Ardougne teleport & boat to Karamja)
- Port Sarim (Games Necklace to Pest Control and take boat)
- Etceteria (East Patch) (Camelot teleport) - requires Fremennik Trials' completion to access
Next to every farming patch you can find little green Tool Leprechauns. They can store your farming stuff for you, and if you Right-click —-> Use a product like a crop or a set of berries on them they will convert all of those type of crop into banknotes, which is very handy for extended farming runs.
To store your tools, simply left-click the item, or right-click the item and select Store. Please note that you can't store plant pots, baskets, empty sacks, or seeds with the leprechaun.
|Type of Tool||Maximum Stored|
Amulet of Nature
The Amulet of Nature will allow you to assign it to a farming patch by Right-click —> Using it with the patch, and it will notify you when your crop has fully grown, become diseased, or died. You can only have one amulet of nature at a time, and it can only be assigned to one patch at any time.
With the amulet equipped and while harvesting any crops, you gain a +5% yield increase.
To make the amulet, you will need the following:
- Level 75 Farming (Planting Magic Tree Seeds)*
- Level 75 Woodcutting (Cutting Magic Trees)*
- Level 19 Crafting (Crafting Magic Strings)
- Level 27 Magic (Enchanting Emerald Jewelry)
- Only required if you wish to grow your own magic tree and get your own magic root. As magic roots are tradable, 75 Farming and Woodcutting are optional if you can acquire them.
These are the following items required:
- Amulet Mold
- Gold bar
- Magic root
How to Craft the Amulet of Nature:
- Spin the Magic root in any Spinning wheel to get a magic string.
- Use the gold bar on a furnace with a cut emerald to make the emerald amulet.
- Use the magic string on the amulet to get a Prenature Amulet.
- Enchant the amulet by using Enchant Emerald Jewelry (1 cosmic rune + 3 air runes).
Note that the Prenature Amulet is tradable, while the full enchanted Amulet of Nature is not. While you can have only one enchanted Nature Amulet at a time, you may make as many Prenatures as you like.
The colloquial term for visiting every important/popular patch in a big loop to harvest the crops and then replant them to do it all over again later is called a Farming Run, and everyone should perfect the method for themselves in order to train efficiently - this is the key to your success.
To fully optimize your Farming runs, it is highly recommended that you complete the following quests and get the following skill levels:
- Tree Gnome Village: Access to spirit trees for teleportation.
- The Grand Tree: Access to the Spirit Tree in the Tree Gnome Stronghold and access to the Gnome glider transportation system.
- Ghosts Ahoy: Access to the Ectophial.
- Plague City: Access to the Ardougne teleport spell.
- Prince Ali Rescue: Removal of the 10gp toll from the Al-Kharid gate.
- Mid-high Magic: for various teleports - 51 for Ardougne recommended.
- At least 5 Agility: for a shortcut in Falador, but at least 26 is recommended for a slightly more efficient one near the first shortcut.
There is enough overlap in the proximity of teleports to different areas that nearly every Herb/Flower/Allotment/Bush/Fruit Tree patch can be gathered in one run with only a few teleports. Hops patches should be always ignored.
The inventory to have for a Farming run is:
- A Spade and Seed Dibber
- A Gardening Trowel (Optional, only if you're planting new Tree/Fruit Trees along the route)
- An Air Staff (Optional, a woodcutting axe may be preferable if you're cutting down+planting new wood trees in the run. Bring 11 Air runes if this is the case.)
- 5 Law runes
- 3 Water runes
- 1 Fire rune
- The Ectophial
- 60 coins OR the Ring of Charos(a) (with Garden of Tranquility progressed in) OR have 40+ Thieving
- 24 Allotment seeds, 3 Bush seeds (4 if Fremennik Trials are done), and 4 Herb seeds - and also possibly what you might use to pay for protection, which you may need to stop at banks for. For your Allotments (presumably Watermelons or Sweetcorn), have the necessary disease protector set up in the Flower patches beforehand (most likely Nasturtiums or Scarecrows).
- It is also a major time and inventory space saver to keep a large amount of Supercompost stored via Tool Leprechauns, rather than going and banking for it. If you're planting Watermelons you will gain an infinite supply of Supercompost, in which case keep at least 16 empty Buckets stored via the Leprechaun as well.
The run looks like this:
- Home Teleport to Lumbridge (visit the Tree patch behind the Lumbridge Castle if necessary). Go across the bridge to Al-Kharid (pickpocket money from Men and Women or kill Goblins if needed) to the Cactus patch east of Zeke's Superior Scimitars and pick the spines. Run back west from the patch to the Gnome Glider near the gate. Glide to the Tree Gnome Stronghold, climb down the Grand Tree and visit the Fruit Tree patch by the Agility course. From there, Spirit Tree to the Tree Gnome Village, ask Elkoy to guide you through the maze, then visit the Fruit Tree patch slightly southwest. You'll want to note all of your harvests on the Leprechaun to conserve inventory space and not have to waste time banking them.
- Teleport to Varrock (visit the Tree patch to the north by the Palace if necessary). Visit the Bush patch on the southwest corner of the city's perimeter, between the Champion's Guild and SW Varrock mine. Replant the Bush after harvesting it.
- Teleport to Ardougne. Visit the Bush patch south of the city by the Clocktower Monestary, replant it after harvesting. Run back up to Ardougne and go to the docks to pay the sailing fare to Brimhaven (pickpocket money from Guards if needed). Visit the Fruit Tree patch slightly to the south. If you have a Calquat Tree planted, run much further south into Tai Bwo Wannai Village to visit the patch and pick the fruit. Teleport to Ardougne again if you visited the Calquat patch since running back up takes too much time from there, or from the Brimhaven Fruit Tree patch just sail back to Ardougne from the docks (requires another 2 Water/Law runes or another 30gp respectively).
- Your inventory is probably nearly full even with noted crops by now, so go store your harvests at either of the Ardougne banks. Go to the Allotment+Herb patch area north of Ardougne/South of the Ranging Guild and harvest the two Allotments and one Herb patch, replanting after each is done. Remember to always Supercompost Herb patches.
- Teleport to Camelot. Run southeast into Catherby and go to the eastern end of the beach to visit the Fruit Tree patch there. Go back west near the bank, north of which you can visit Catherby's Allotment+Herb patches.
- Your inventory is probably filling up again with noted herbs, allotments, and empty buckets, so quickly store those at the Catherby bank and withdraw a Mushroom Spore if you have Bittercap Mushrooms growing in Canifis. Use the Ectophial to teleport, then run west to visit the Allotment+Herb patches by Alice's west Phasmatys farm. If you have Bittercap Mushrooms growing/the Farming level to do so, then run to the southwest of Canifis from here to visit the Mushroom patch. Supercompost this patch and hope for the best on your next run, as Mushrooms cannot be protected and unlike Fruit Trees and Cacti the patch is fully depleted once harvested.
- Teleport to Falador (visit the two Tree patches north in Taverley and east in Falador's park respectively, if necessary). Go south from the west bank to the other side of the city wall (requires at least 5 Agility for the crumbling wall climb near the bank, or 26 Agility, for the underwall tunnel south of the bank) and run further south into Rimmington to visit the Bush patch there. From here, run northeast to visit the final Allotment+Herb patches near Draynor Village and north of Port Sarim.
- Go grind something else as you wait for the next Farm run. It's recommended to bind your Amulet of Nature to the last Herb patch of the route, as you'll be notified that the Herbs are ready if the Nature Amulet is equipped or in the inventory which efficiently signals that you can start again.
- This is a typical farming run that will be done for the majority of your farming levels, but not all of them. For example: if Bittercap Mushrooms and Cacti cannot be grown yet then do not bother visiting their patches, and if you do not have Watermelons growing for Supercompost then ignore the Compost Bins. The run may seem lengthy and complicated too, but with enough repetition you'll be able to easily memorize it so don't be intimidated.
- Due to the minimum growth time of Herbs that have been Supercomposted, doing a mini Farm Run called a Herb Run is very lucrative for faster Farming experience rather than waiting for the slower Bush/Cactus/Mushroom patches to finish growing or waiting for Fruit Trees to grow more fruit and hitting all of these Patches all at once. One can do a Herb Run every 70 minutes, and very quickly at that due to only needing to visit the 4 Herb patches and nothing else.
- When growing Watermelons in the Allotment Patches, stick 15 of them in the Compost Bins also located near every Allotment. This supplies you with infinite supercompost on subsequent runs if you withdraw 15 Supercomposts from the Tool Leprechaun and empty the buckets, as long as you have more than 15 already in stock with him. Emptying the buckets to recycle Supercompost also mitigates the needs to buy thousands of buckets.
- When it comes to visiting Fruit Trees on the run you should obviously be picking their fruits and leave them to grow some more for next time. For Wood Trees, ignore them unless you have another seedling on hand to plant while doing the route or if already-grown ones haven't yet yielded exp from checking their health.
- If you've completed The Fremennik Trials you will have access to another Bush patch on Miscellania/Etceteria which you may incorporate on your runs after the Camelot Teleport step. To get there, run far north of Camelot to Rellekka and speak to one of the men on the docks that offer a free trip to the island, the Bush Patch is east of your destination across a bridge. Remember to bring 1 extra Bush seed on your runs if you're doing this, and to bring runes for another Camelot Teleport to quickly get back. Due to the length and time of getting to the 4th Bush patch, this is not recommended for fast Farm runs.
- The run is only a guideline which you don't have to follow 100%; change the step order and so on if you want. You can also substitute runes with teleport jewelry if you like, such as using a Skills Necklace for the Fishing Guild teleport instead of using the Ardougne teleport spell.
- Teleport tablets are not recommended for farming runs as they take up equal inventory space to the runes, are more expensive to acquire, and do not give any Magic experience when used.
Levels 1 to 20
- Plant Marigolds in the flower patch.
- Plant the best allotment patch seed you can. The order is: Potato -> Onion -> Cabbage -> Tomato
- When planting Cabbages, you will have to pay the Gardener to protect them, since Marigolds do not protect Cabbages.
- Plant the best herbs you can. Always use Supercompost with herbs, but it's okay if you can't acquire a lot of it because herbs at these levels aren't as valuable as herbs later on.
Levels 15 to 31
- You can now start growing wood trees if you have the seeds. It is unlikely that you'll always be able to plant trees on your Farming Runs due to the scarcity of their seeds however.
- Continue planting the best vegetable/flower combination you can. Wait until you are Level 23 to plant Sweetcorn however, as that is when the Scarecrow unlocks.
- From this point onward you should use super-compost on all patches except Limpwurt flower, Poison Ivy bushes, and fruit trees you're paying for.
- At Level 25 you can do the Garden of Tranquility quest, provided you have also completed its prerequisite quests as well. It will grant you 11,250 experience plus a few hundred more due to the actions of the quest, bringing you close to level 34.
- At Level 26, you could stop planting sweetcorn and plant Tomato/Limpwurt, paying the gardener to protect the tomatoes.
- Start planting fruit trees (Apple Tree) at Level 27 if you can, using super-compost and paying for their protection.
- At Level 30, start planting Willow trees.
Levels 31 to 47
- Start planting the Strawberry/Limpwurt combination.
- Level 33, start planting Banana trees.
- Level 36, start including bushes in your runs with Dwellberry seeds.
- Level 39, start planting Orange trees.
- Level 42, start planting Curry trees. You may want to pay for their protection.
- Level 45, start planting Maple trees.
Levels 47 to 99
- Plant Nasturtium in your flower patches and start planting Watermelon. It's the best allotment and you will have an endless supply of Supercompost. You will burn through your seeds pretty quickly however, so make sure you stock up from the master farmer or other players.
- Continue planting the highest level herb, bush, fruit tree, and wood tree possible - worry about using the lower-leveled seeds up until after the 99. Use supercompost on all herbs, melons, and bushes/trees you're not protecting.
- Keep a permanent cactus, calquat, and spirit tree up as you get their seeds. There is no benefit to trying to regrow these because there is no protection farmer available.
- Palm trees are worthwhile to keep planted once they've grown. Collecting coconuts provides a good source of Herblore ingredient, ability to pay for Magic Trees, and the shells can be used for supercompost.
- Whiteberry bushes may be handy to keep planted as well if you're collecting the berries for use in Herblore. This is because their payment of Bittercap mushrooms is unreliable and slow to obtain.
- At level 70, always plant Poison Ivy bushes. They give the highest exp for the seed category and require no protection payments.
- In the final stretch to 99 (the last ~100k or so experience), do a final Farm Run to clear out all your non-herb patches, and Replant all your extra non-herb seeds that you won't be needing. This way you can simply focus on Herb Runs past the 99 if you're aiming for 99 Herblore.
One training method that works at pretty much all skill levels is replanting - if you have a lot of a mid-high level seeds that won't be fully grown otherwise due to their yields not being very useful, instead of simply dropping them you can gain a nice and underrated amount of extra experience by planting the seed and then immediately digging it up an planting another until your stack is depleted. Good examples of seeds to use for this are Harralander (48.5 exp per plant), Belladonna (204.75 exp per plant), and every Hop. If you have the compost to spare you can also use them before each replanting to boost the gains even further. Once your useless seed stacks are depleted, simply plant whatever you plan to actually harvest as normal.
Farming is one of those skills that is gradually leveled up rather than quickly grinding it out with high priority. Like Fishing, Farming is slow but easy to train; there's not many fancy extra tips to boost experience gains, with the exception of Replanting. There's a high chance that lots of Woodcutting and Thieving must be done to level up efficiently as well, and 99 Farming will most likely get you close to 99 Herblore too.
Once you hit 99 and/or run out of the best seeds you have, you should go back to the lower tier herb seeds to top off 99 Herblore as well.
In the later levels (85+), the slow acquisition speed and expensiveness of Watermelon seeds may make it preferable to simply focus on Herbs, Trees, Fruit Trees, and Bushes on your farming runs. You could also regress back to Sweetcorn seeds instead of cutting out Allotments completely if you'd like to be slightly more efficient about it, the choice is yours.
The reason for all of this is that the best Herb seed, Torstol, will make up the bulk of your total Farming experience anyway and they can be grown+harvested every 70 minutes.
Why Not Grow Hops?
Hops just suck. Their patches are too out of the way to bother with harvesting them on farming runs, there are no high level Hop seeds that grant good experience, and hop yields are useless in the first place. Simply Replant their seeds to get rid of them if you've come across any any don't want to drop, then ignore them from there on out.